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Most judgments, and almost all non-fraud judgments are discharged (voided) when a debtor discharges their debts in a bankruptcy court. As soon as the judgment debtor files for bankruptcy protection, they get an automatic stay. All creditors, even those with fraud judgments, must immediately stop all collection activities until they get permission in writing from the bankruptcy court that they may proceed.
When a judgment or debt gets discharged, it is game over and the creditor will not be paid for that debt or judgment. The bankruptcy court assumes most debts and judgments are dischargeable. However, there are exceptions that can be claimed by a judgment creditor, which may result in a bankruptcy court declaring that a particular debt or judgment is non-dischargeable.
While most debts and judgments get discharged when a debtor successfully discharges them in bankruptcy, there are some debts that cannot easily be discharged, if they are brought to the attention of the bankruptcy court. When it is proven that the debt or judgment was the result of fraud, willful and malicious injury, embezzlement, larceny, or a marriage settlement agreement or divorce decree, the bankruptcy court will usually determine and make an order that those types of debts are non-dischargeable.
In theory, a judgment for fraud, especially one that highlights and proves most or all of the red flag badges of fraud (classifications of types of wrongdoing), is bankruptcy proof; however that bankruptcy immunity is not automatic or cheap. When a debtor files for bankruptcy protection, the creditor must then bring their fraud judgment to the attention of the bankruptcy court.
If the fraud judgment is a default judgment, the bankruptcy court will likely require a prove-up hearing and a motion for a new summary fraud judgment. Re-proving fraud and the expense of hiring a lawyer is all the responsibility of the creditor.
For a bankruptcy judge to order that a money judgment is non-dischargeable, the judgment creditor must file a formal objection to their judgment debt getting discharged. If the creditor proves that the basis for their judgment was for one of the general misconduct exceptions, the bankruptcy court will usually declare the judgment debt to be non-dischargeable. When that happens, the automatic stay is lifted and the judgment creditor is then free to use every legal method to recover their judgment, while most or all of the other creditors lose, because their judgments and debts were discharged.
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