JudgmentBuy - International Judgment List

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Updated on Monday November 23, 2015,  Best quality Judgment Leads:   Free - No upfront costs - you pay 10% of your net profit - only if you have a profitable enforcement or sale.   (1 judgments went straight to enforcers, not put on this list today.) These are not raw leads, these are Judgment leads (likely enforceable) with informed and motivated Original Judgment Creditors (OJCs) ready to sign your Agreement and to Assign their Judgment to you. (Dates are truncated, for specific Judgment info, please click here.)



Debtors living in Austria: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in the Cayman Islands: In this place, BK trustees are called liquidators.

All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.

Debtors living in the Brazil:

CIVIL UNLIMITED, SUPERIOR Court in CONTRA COSTA county, CALIFORNIA, Judgment Date: 2009, Base J Amount approx: $159,237, plus 10.00% interest. Judgment value now is approx $245,253.70.
Debtor in El Sobante - Contra Costa / Alameda county, California. Non-default jury judgment against 2 debtors. Debtor 1 male (DOB 1953) lives in house he owns, stable, no other judgments or liens, never BK, no crime, business lead. Debtor 2 (Female DOB 1955) seems to live with debtor 1) in house, stable, never BK, no nother judgments or liens, debtors have assets in Brazil and California, OJC wants cash front or future pay collect, - JB Ref# 2737



Debtors living in Canada: Note: UPL laws about giving legal advice are draconian here - Giving foreign legal advice: (2) Every person who gives legal advice respecting the law of a jurisdiction outside Canada in contravention of the by-laws is guilty of an offence and on conviction is liable to a fine of, (a) not more than $25,000 for a first offence; and (b) not more than $50,000 for each subsequent offence. 2006, c. 21, Sched. C, s. 22.

All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in Columbia:

All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in England/UK:

All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in France: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in Germany: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in Iran: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in Lebanon: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in Mexico: It is not easy or cheap to domesticate a judgment to Mexico! Usually you must pay off some officials we are told. All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in Nicaragua: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in the Philippines: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in South Korea: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in Spain: All currently being enforced, or have been recovered, starting with JudgmentBuy.



Debtors living in Thailand: Note: A foreign judgment is not automatically recognizable in Thailand. In order to enforce a foreign judgment, a new case must be started specifically for the judgment's recognition. The petitioner must be able to prove that the court which rendered the decision had jurisdiction over the case, and that the judgments has been deemed final and executory. Default judgments are very hard (expensive) to domesticate in Thailand.

CIVIL, FEDERAL Court in SAN FRANCISCO county, CALIFORNIA, Judgment Date: 2010, Base J Amount approx: $225,198.00, plus 10.00% interest. Judgment value now is approx $267,165.50.
Debtor in Phrasingha Chiang Mai - Chiang Mai county, Thailand. Fed North CA default Judgment is against 2 defendant companies in Thailand. OJC tried to levy Apple for defendant's app store, but Apple just took products off itunes store. Debtors have assets in Thailand. Need a Thai collections attorney or a Thai lawyer. This is a default judgment which makes it not easy, - JB Ref# 327



Debtors living in Turkey: Notes for foreign creditors seeking Judgment enforcement in Turkey:

1) A foreign creditor has the right to initiate a lawsuit or an enforcement proceeding against a debtor in Turkey even if there is no reciprocal agreement between Turkey and the creditor's own jurisdiction. However, in such a case the foreign creditor will have to provide "security" to the court to guarantee the payment of the relevant court expenses and potential damages the debtor may sustain if the creditor fails in proving its case. The amount of such security is usually determined by the court to be a certain percentage of the disputed amount. If a reciprocal agreement exists between Turkey and the foreign creditor's own jurisdiction, the foreign creditor may not be required to provide security when initiating a lawsuit or an enforcement proceeding against the debtor in Turkey.

2) Legal proceedings for a creditor that has neither security over assets of the debtor nor any negotiable instrument issued or endorsed by the debtor to secure the amount:

If a creditor has neither security (e.g. mortgage, movable pledge, share pledge, bank account pledge) over assets of the debtor nor any negotiable instrument (e.g. check, promissory note, bill of exchange) issued or endorsed by the debtor to secure the debt, the creditor has two choices: (i) the creditor may directly initiate a lawsuit and after obtaining a binding court decision initiate "binding" enforcement proceedings against the debtor or (ii) the creditor may immediately initiate "ordinary" enforcement owed proceedings against the debtor. If there is any objection from the debtor, the creditor must initiate a lawsuit for cancellation of such objection. The enforcement proceedings against the debtor will only continue after the debtor's objection has been cancelled by a binding court decision. If the court decides that the objection is unjustified, the court may order the debtor to pay the creditor an additional penalty of up to 40% of the disputed amount.

3) Legal proceedings for a creditor that has security over assets of the debtor or a negotiable instrument issued or endorsed by the debtor to secure the amount owed:

If a creditor has security (e.g. mortgage, movable pledge, share pledge, bank account pledge) over assets of the debtor or a negotiable instrument (e.g. check, promissory note, bill of exchange) issued or endorsed by the debtor to secure the debt, the creditor may initiate "special" enforcement proceedings against the debtor. If there is an objection from the debtor to the enforcement proceedings, the creditor or in some cases the debtor must initiate a lawsuit for the continuance or, as the case may be, cancellation of the enforcement proceedings.

4) Court fees: 5.4% of the disputed amount for a lawsuit and 0.5% of the disputed amount for enforcement proceedings:

In order to initiate a lawsuit the creditor is required to pay 5.4% of the disputed amount to the competent court of which one-quarter (1.35%) must be paid at the outset and the balance (4.05%) after the judgment becomes available. For initiating enforcement proceedings, 0.5% of the disputed amount must be paid to the enforcement office. If the debtor objects during the enforcement proceedings and the creditor initiates a lawsuit for the cancellation of the objection the above mentioned court fee (5.4%) must be paid by the creditor. In such a case, the amount which has already been paid to the enforcement office (0.5%) will be deducted from the initial payment made to the court (1.35%). These court charges are recoverable from the debtor if the creditor obtains a favorable binding court decision.

5) Consider the timing: If the debtor does not object, the enforcement proceedings will usually conclude more quickly than a lawsuit. If a lawsuit is initiated for the cancellation of an objection to enforcement proceedings or if a lawsuit is initiated against the debtor directly without initiating any enforcement proceedings, court proceedings could take between 18 and 30 months but if the debtor continues to be uncooperative, in some cases 3 to 4 years.

6) If the preferred approach of the creditor is to initiate enforcement proceedings, then determine which type of enforcement proceedings:

If the debt is secured by security (e.g. mortgage, moveable pledge, share pledge, bank account pledge) the creditor will need to initiate "Enforcement by Foreclosure of Collateral" proceedings. If the debt is not secured, then enforcement by way of "Ordinary Attachment" proceedings or "Ordinary Bankruptcy" proceedings may be initiated by the creditor. If the debt arises out of a negotiable instrument then consider initiating "Special Proceedings for Negotiable Instruments".

7) The favorite enforcement proceedings for secured creditors:

Due to its ease and haste compared to the other enforcement proceedings in Turkey the "Enforcement by Foreclosure of Collateral" proceedings is usually the preferred choice of creditors enforcing in Turkey. The prerequisite for such proceedings is that the creditor has been granted security to secure the sum outstanding. The disadvantage of this enforcement proceeding is that if it is available to a creditor, the creditor may not resort to other enforcement or court proceedings before it enforces its security. If the sale proceeds of the security does not satisfy the claim of the creditor, only then can the creditor initiate other proceedings against the debtor.

8) Determine whether the debtor has sufficiently valuable assets to attach before initiating attachment proceedings:

A creditor should always be mindful of the nature of the assets of the debtor, the whereabouts of such assets and whether such assets are already the subject of other court proceedings, attachments or encumbrances:

In order to attach any assets in Turkey enforcement proceedings must be initiated before the competent enforcement office. After finalization of such enforcement proceedings the assets of the debtor may only be attached through the enforcement office. Foreclosure of such assets may only be made by the enforcement office by way of public and not private sales. However, if the enforcement proceedings are initiated further to a binding court decision, then the attachment proceeding will be implemented directly without waiting for finalization of enforcement proceedings before the enforcement office.

9) Be wary of the debtor applying for protection in bankruptcy proceedings:

Under certain circumstances, if bankruptcy proceedings are initiated against a debtor, the debtor may seek protection through (i) Reorganization, (ii) Postponement of Bankruptcy or (iii) Restructuring of Capital Stock Companies by Way of Conciliation. The debtor may apply for protection from a court to prevent any enforcement proceedings and lawsuits being filed against the debtor by seeking protection from creditors through any of (i), (ii) or (iii) mentioned above.

10) Obtaining a preliminary injunction decision from a Turkish court against the debtor:

Under Turkish law it is possible to obtain a preliminary injunction decision before or during an enforcement proceeding or a lawsuit in relation to the assets of the debtor to obtain rights against such assets for amounts owed that are not secured by way of a security. Obtaining a preliminary injunction from the court will depend on the nature of the debt and the evidence provided by the applicant to persuade the court that in the circumstances injunctive relief is appropriate.

For example, if the applicant holds a negotiable instrument (e.g. check, promissory note, bill of exchange) issued or endorsed by the debtor, a Turkish court is likely to require the applicant to provide security to the court of between 15% and 100% of the disputed amount. If the preliminary injunction has been granted before initiating an enforcement proceeding or a lawsuit against the debtor, the creditor is obliged to initiate either enforcement proceedings or a lawsuit against the debtor no later than 10 days after the preliminary injunction has been granted. Otherwise, the preliminary injunction decision becomes invalid.

11) Recognition and enforcement of foreign court judgments and foreign arbitral awards in Turkey: Pursuant to Turkish International Private Law, a foreign court judgment must fulfil the following conditions to be enforced in Turkey: (i) reciprocity, (ii) the judgment must have become final and binding, (iii) the dispute must not fall within the exclusive jurisdiction of Turkish courts, (vi) compliance with Turkish public policy rules and (v) the judgment debtor's rights must have been respected during the trial.

Turkey has signed the New York Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (NY Convention). Therefore, arbitral awards obtained from a contracting state of the NY Convention, will be recognized and enforced in Turkey under the NY Convention.

The bankruptcy of a Turkish individual or corporation, however, falls within the exclusive jurisdiction of the Turkish courts. Therefore, the bankruptcy of a Turkish individual or corporation may not be the subject of either a foreign court decision or an arbitral award."

To enforce a judgment where the debtor absconded to Turkey, one needs:
1. Certified copy of the judgment (cannot be a "default")
2. Certified copy of the writ of execution
3. Certified copy of the assignment
4. Supporting documents that would provide verification that the JD fled the country to avoid the debt.



CIVIL, SUPERIOR Court in SAN FRANCISCO county, CALIFORNIA, Judgment Date: 2002, Base J Amount approx: $999,984.00, plus 10.00% interest. Judgment value now is approx $2,045,062.32.
Debtor in Yewibosna-Bacheliev - Yewibosna-Bacheliev county, Turkey. Default judgment where debtor moved to Turkey, Lawyer renewed 9 year old Judgment in CA. Needs to be domesticated to Turkey. Need a Turkey-based Judgment Enforcer or collections lawyer. Debtor has lots of assets to pay judgment, but they are in Turkey, owns businesses and property there. OJC knows lots of info on assets, - JB Ref# 2307




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